Is Climate Change Natural Or Man Made Environmental Sciences Essay (2022)

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Climate is the long term average weather conditions of different regions on earth. Some places are hot while others bear a cold climate. The different types of climates are namely, tropical, midaltitudinal, subtropical, arctic, subarctic, humid continental, Mediterranean, monsoon, desert and tropical wet-dry. The climate of the world is continuously changing. This change is not something new it is a very old concept perhaps since the birth of the universe.

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The factors or reasoning for the climate change can be divided into two sides. One side is of the view that this is a natural process that will and has to occur whereas the other side claims that the change has occurred because of the human activities on the earth. later in our essay we will be discussing these reasoning in more depth and with the help of some facts and figures.

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(Video) Climate change - Natural and man-made of causes - Simple description 🌱🌱🌱

Distinction between climate and weather.

Most of the people use climate and weather terms synonymously, but the two terms have a difference between them. Climate is the long term average weather conditions of different regions on earth whereas weather is how the atmosphere behaves in a shorter period of time. Hence we can say that the distinct feature between weather and climate is the measure of time.

What is Global Warming and Global Dimming?

Global warming refers to the continuous warming of world’s surface. It occurs when the Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) traps the heat and light from the sun around the atmosphere of Earth which forms the root cause of the temperature increase. Some of the green house gases are, Carbon Dioxide, water vapor, methane etc.

Whereas Anup Shah said, Global dimming is the opposite of global warming and should not be confused with it. It is the average reduction in heat that is reaching the earth’s surface. Pollutants from the fossil fuels in the air results in the larger number of droplets which makes the clouds more reflective. More of the sun’s heat and light is therefore reflected back in the space. (Anup Shah, 2005)

Climate Change History Timeline:

Earth’s climate is unstable and is continuously changing. It has experienced several ice ages and warmer periods. To make things simpler and focused we can split the history of climate change into several phases. These phases are briefly discussed below:

If we look at “The Big Bang Theory” which is about the creation of the entire solar system. The temperature of the earth was very high because of which it expanded rapidly, and then it cooled down enough for rain, which became the source of the very first ocean on earth’s surface.

Then from 3.8 to 2.5 billion years ago, the first land masses appeared and life developed on the planet. The atmosphere was still toxic and mainly consisted of ammonia and methane, the sun was only 75% as bright as today, this may depicts that the surface was covered with ice, but in reality it was warmer, scientist justify this situation by saying that this was because of the greenhouse gases i.e. methane which prevented freezing.

Next phase is of about 2.5 to 500 million years ago. In this era the oxygen level on the surface started to increase, accompanied by the photosynthetic algae. There are enough evidences of glaciations periods in this era and scientists still discuss this scenario.

The Earth’s core finally cooled down to level comparable to today about 500 to 250 million years ago. The volcanic eruptions became rarer. Earth generally saw a lot of glacial activity in this period because of the two poles known as South and North Poles, which received very less solar energy. The rapid development of photosynthetic organisms made the air more breathable.

About 250 to 65 million years ago the climate of Earth became dry and seasonal with high temperature differences. More land came into contact with the oceans and therefore the humidity increased. This was the era of dinosaurs.

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Then the dinosaurs went extinct and mammals took over around 65 to 2.7 million years ago. The planet experienced sudden warming during this period. The global temperature shot up by 5-8 degree Celsius. This warming was enhanced by the methane bubbles which were previously hidden beneath the ice sheets. About 33 million yearn ago the very first glaciers started to form in Antarctica; this means that the sea level fell and ice grew. Than from 2.7 million to 12000 years ago a lot of the surface of Earth was covered with ice. It is been estimated that there were 25-30 Ice Ages in the history. Around 12000 years ago the last Ice Age ended and the Earth again entered to a warmer phase. From 950 to 1250 the Vikings started to emigrate from Iceland, Greenland. Excellent weather in many regions of the Earth gave a boost to the population growth.

The things then rapidly changed in the 20th century when industrialization took place. It increased the temperature of Earth on a average of 0.7 degree Celsius.

The British Meteorological Office predicts that “2010 will become the hottest year” since the beginning of temperature records in 1880.

The Debate:

There are two sides of the debate as we have stated this earlier in our essay. One group supports the idea that the major causes of the global climate change are the activities by humans themselves. These activities include burning of fossil fuels, deforestation etc. the other group challenges this view with their research that the change is the natural process and it is occurring since the birth of the earth.

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The world temperature is increasing and it is occurring due to the activities of the people living in this world. The major culprits of this process are the developed countries of the world whose economies significantly rely on industrialization which results into the excessive emissions of carbon in the atmosphere. United States was the leader in this case followed by UK, Germany, France etc, but now China is taking over the lead and becoming the number one cause of global warming. Pearce said, “China’s annual carbon dioxide emissions have indeed recently surpassed those of the US” (Fred Pearce, 2010). He further clarifies that this does not means that the whole blame should be given to China because industrialization is new to China and if we revise the statistics of carbon emissions we will come to know that major role in degrading the environment is played by other countries like US , UK, Germany and other countries of Europe.

An International team headed by Nikla Hohne from the Cologne, Germany, office of Ecofys. An international climate change consultancy came up with the findings from the country by country analysis of who has contributed to the climate change and to what extent. The team also look upon other green house gases i.e. methane which is second most important after carbon dioxide. Methane is also produced by human activities from draining marshes and deforestation to cattle farming. Once methane was added to the analysis the team came up with evidence that the poor countries of the world play a much greater part in global warming. Hohne says, “Others do worse”. (Nikla Hohne, 2010). For instance Brazil’s contribution rises from1 percent to 5 percent of global total. Indonesia which extensively practices deforestation rises by a factor of between 10 to 90. The studies in this analysis estimated Indonesia as a third greatest contributor to global warming after China and US.

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To over come these problems and justify themselves developed countries claims that they are taking action to cut carbon emissions into the atmosphere. On example of this action is the Kyoto Protocol 1997. This protocol required the developed countries to start cutting emissions by almost 5 percent by 2008-2012. In this protocol certain quotas were assigned to industries. With in the limits of the quota they can pollute the environment. Larry Lohmann called it “The Magic of the Market”, (Larry Lohmann, 2002) because the a certain clause was added by the US elites in The Kyoto Protocol which allowed Northern countries to meet the emission targets by trading carbon dioxide with countries that had surplus. The trading of carbon did not solved the problem but in fact increased the climate change effect. Jens Stoltenberg who led a UN- commissioned task force to identify ways to raise finances which could be used in poor countries to deal with the climate change effects said, “Carbon pricing has a double climate effect- it’s a huge source for revenue, but also gives the right incentive for reducing emissions by making it expensive to pollute,” (Jens Stoltenberg, 2010). The Kyoto Protocol gave an other benefit to the industries that hey can have a trade with the people who grow plants and trees as well. But it was impossible to calculate the intake of carbon by trees which make it ineffective. Larry Lohmann said that 30 more protocols with twice the level of Kyoto protocol are needed to rectify the situation. Otherwise the impact will be devastating.

According to a special report more than 1000 scientists globally are changing their opinion and saying that the process of change is natural. These scientists also included people from Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). the report included comments by some well known people. for instance, Nobel Prize-Winning Stanford University Physicist Dr. Robert B. Laughlin, who won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1998, and was formerly a research scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory said “Please remain calm: The Earth will heal itself — Climate is beyond our power to control…Earth doesn’t care about governments or their legislation. You can’t find much actual global warming in present-day weather observations. Climate change is a matter of geologic time, something that the earth routinely does on its own without asking anyone’s permission or explaining itself.” (Dr.Robert, 2010). The scientist said that green house effect is not permanent and the predictions of global warming are not supported by the reliable data by IPCC.

The economic crisis in 2009 which was very severe and affected almost every nation in the world resulted in the reduction in the carbon emissions. A report from Nature Geo science supports this statement by giving the figures like 1.3 percent reduction in the emissions of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere due to the global financial crisis. The article by Hoffman says that estimated carbon dioxide emissions from deforestation have also been reduced. Doug L. Hoffman said “…carbon dioxide will rise by 4.8% In 2010, proving that what should be treated as good news is not welcomed in climate change circles”. Doug L. Hoffman, 2010).


After analyzing the both sides with reference to the articles. I am of the opinion that climate is changing because of the anthropogenic global warming i.e. made by the human activities. It is the humans themselves who are threatening their own home. They have increased the activities which involve the emission of greenhouse gases.

Increased industrialization is the root cause of the problem in which dangerous gases like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, water vapors etc are emitted in the atmosphere. On the other hand I we consider third world countries were there is less industrialization we come to know that they are also the major contributors in degrading the environment. They emit methane which is second most dangerous after carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere in the process of deforestation which is required for the agricultural needs to grow food and other cash crops. A classic example of this earlier given in this essay is of Indonesia and Brazil. All these emissions give rise to the greenhouse effect in which the greenhouse gases (GHG’s) accumulate around the surface of earth and block the rays from the sun. some part of these rays are reflected back into the space and the remaining enter the atmosphere were again some of it is reflected back by the intersection with clouds and other part reaches the surface. The surface of the earth also reflects back some rays which are than trapped by these GHG’s. This whole process gives a boost to the temperature of the Earth. The more the emissions of GHG’s the more the impact will be. The image below illustrates the situation more clearly.

The carbon dioxide emissions have increased by 0.5 percent per year and it is a major contributor in the greenhouse effect with almost 60 percent of share. The emissions of CFC’s are also increasing because of the increased use of refrigerators etc. These anthropogenic activities will cause an average increase in the global temperatures between 1.5°C and 6.8°C from 2000 to 2100.

From my point of view we are unable to rectify the devastating impacts of global warming and other anthropogenic activities with the help of Protocols like Kyoto Protocol because they are bias and are in the interest of only certain parties. Although we have placed the price on the carbon that is being emitted in the environment but have given industries some benefits as well that in this cause can be quasi property rights. We have designed the protocol but we are almost unable to implement it because the measurement required is very difficult.

Whereas on the other hand I do not oppose the second group complete because there is to some extent reality in their piece of work. When they say that the anthropogenic global warming is not supported by the accurate data by the concerned organizations they are right. Some of the changes in the climate also occur because of the natural changes in the conditions, for instance. Hurricanes, floods etc. some scientist also claim that the change in the climate is because of the uncertainty in the earths orbit.


In the end I would like to conclude by saying that from my point of view the major cause of the climate change is the anthropogenic activities i.e. global warming and global dimming which are caused by the increased use of fossil fuels. It is we humans who are responsible for this and at the same time it is we who are unable to control its devastating impacts on our climate.

If the process will continue with the same pace, one day we will have to bear a lot of problems the ice in the south will start melting which will increase the water level of the world. Higher temperature will cause increased earthquakes, the rare species on earth will extinct, their will be food shortages which will affect our increasing population. Increased sea levels will cause tsunamis. All these consequences have there own further impacts on the economies of the countries. Therefore more practical steps should be initiated by the related agencies in controlling the problem. As an individual we people also have to bear some responsibility towards the climate. We should try to adopt environmental friendly techniques in our daily routine work.

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Is climate change a natural science? ›

Here is how scientists know that the climate change we are experiencing is mainly due to human activity and not a result of natural phenomenon. Gavin Schmidt, director of National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, said that scientists look at a lot of different things at once.

What are the natural and man made sources of climate change? ›

Since the Industrial Revolution, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which has changed the earth's climate. Natural processes, such as changes in the sun's energy and volcanic eruptions, also affect the earth's climate.

Is climate change human caused essay? ›

Although there are many causes of climate change, especially those caused by humans, the most notable/obvious human-related causes of climate change include that of global warming, in the form of an increase in greenhouse gas emissions from sources such as the burning of fossil fuels, agriculture, and other areas of ...

What is man made climate change? ›

Term. Man-made climate changes may be due to the greenhouse effect and other human activities. A change in albedo of the land brought about by desertification and deforestation affects the amount of solar energy absorbed at the earth's surface.

What is climate change essay? ›

The climate change essay is information on changing weather conditions and its impact on the environment.

Would climate change happen without humans? ›

Natural factors like variations in the sun's output and volcanic eruptions can affect the Earth's climate, and we believe these natural influences alone would have caused a tiny cooling trend. Humans are likely responsible for all the warming we've seen and for negating all of this potential cooling.

Which is the main man made factors to create environmental problems? ›

Air pollution, air depletion, water contamination, overpopulation, industrial mining, climate change, deforestation, fossil fuels, fertilizer usage, etc. are among these causes.

What is an example of natural climate change? ›

One example is the El Niño–La Niña cycle, which can cause temporary warming and cooling. Both phenomena affect atmospheric circulation patterns and influence global climate. While El Niño increases global temperature, La Niña decreases it. This cycle repeats itself on a timescale of about five years.

What are natural changes in the environment? ›

The processes of natural change include geo- logic changes, plant and animal succession, and change as a response to weather. Geologic change refers to the way the land may be altered as the result of erosion, uplift, or volcanism. Succession refers to plant and animal changes in an ecosystem over time.

What are the main causes of climate change essay? ›

Human activity is the main cause of climate change. People burn fossil fuels and convert land from forests to agriculture. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people have burned more and more fossil fuels and changed vast areas of land from forests to farmland.

What are the effects of climate change in the environment essay? ›

Effects Of Climatic Change

These climatic changes have a negative impact on the environment. The ocean level is rising, glaciers are melting, CO2 in the air is increasing, forest and wildlife are declining, and water life is also getting disturbed due to climatic changes.

How does climate change affect human and environment? ›

The impacts of climate change on different sectors of society are interrelated. Drought can harm food production and human health. Flooding can lead to disease spread and damages to ecosystems and infrastructure. Human health issues can increase mortality, impact food availability, and limit worker productivity.

What is man made environment? ›

A Human-made or a Man-made environment is referred to as the surroundings made by humans to provide facilities for satisfying human needs. These surroundings are made to have a place for people to do jobs or live or even educate other people and also recreating requirements for the concerned people's day to day needs.

How much of global warming is manmade? ›

However, the science on the human contribution to modern warming is quite clear. Humans emissions and activities have caused around 100% of the warming observed since 1950, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) fifth assessment report.

What is climate change simple definition? ›

What is Climate Change? Climate change is a long-term change in the average weather patterns that have come to define Earth's local, regional and global climates. These changes have a broad range of observed effects that are synonymous with the term.

What is climate change in 150 words? ›

Short Essay on Climate Change in English 150 words

Climate change refers to the adverse change in the environment and its impacts on the living organisms on Earth. The climate of Earth has become warmer over the last two million years for which, climate change and global warming is responsible.

What is the conclusion of climate change? ›

Impacts of climate change are occurring now

Nevertheless, the conclusion is that natural systems around the world are being affected by regional climate changes, particularly temperature increases, and that these temperature increases are very likely to be the result of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases.

Why is climate change a problem? ›

Humans and wild animals face new challenges for survival because of climate change. More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people's livelihoods and communities.

Which of the following is not a natural cause of climate change? ›

This is Expert Verified Answer

Overpopulation is the increase in population and solely results due to humans. Hence, it is the man-made cause of global warming. An increase in population increases emitted carbon dioxide which is directly responsible for global warming.

What will happen if we don't stop climate change? ›

The wildlife we love and their habitat will be destroyed, leading to mass species extinction. Superstorms, drought, and heat waves would become increasingly common and more extreme, leading to major health crises and illness. Agricultural production would plummet, likely leading to global food shortages and famine.

What are the man made environmental problems? ›

Humans impact the physical environment in many ways: overpopulation, pollution, burning fossil fuels, and deforestation. Changes like these have triggered climate change, soil erosion, poor air quality, and undrinkable water.

What is environment What are factors responsible for causing environmental pollution? ›

Additionally, environmental pollution is triggered by the introduction of harmful materials, such as gaseous pollutants, toxic metals, and particulate matter (PM) into the atmosphere; sewage, industrial effluents, agricultural runoffs, and electronic wastes into water bodies; and activities such as mining, ...

What is the main reason behind global ecological crises such as global warming and environmental pollution? ›

It occurs largely as a result of the combustion of fossil fuels, emissions from agriculture and pastoralism, and land-use changes that accompany the destruction, clearance and burning of forests.

Why are natural climate solutions important? ›

Natural climate solutions are vital to ensuring we achieve our ultimate objective of full decarbonization and can simultaneously boost jobs and protect communities in developed and developing countries.

What is the cause and effect of climate change? ›

Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels and destroying rainforests, have an increasing influence on the climate and the Earth's temperature. This adds huge quantities of greenhouse gases to those naturally present in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.

What is climate change its causes effects and solutions? ›

The change in climatic conditions is a result of global warming. The burning of fossil fuels, cutting down of trees etc. causes the temperature of the earth to increase. High temperature changes the weather patterns, causing the dry areas to get drier and wet areas to get wetter.

Which of these is a natural factor that affects the environment? ›

Which of these is a natural factor that affects the environment? Weather is an important environmental factor that affects on Earth.

What has the greatest impact on climate change? ›

The evidence is clear: the main cause of climate change is burning fossil fuels such as oil, gas, and coal. When burnt, fossil fuels release carbon dioxide into the air, causing the planet to heat up.

What do you mean by natural change? ›

Definition. The changes which are brought about by the nature itself and are not under the control of human are called natural changes. Example. Growth of plants and trees.

What are the 3 main natural causes of climate change? ›

These have been caused by many natural factors, including changes in the sun, emissions from volcanoes, variations in Earth's orbit and levels of carbon dioxide (CO2). Global climate change has typically occurred very slowly, over thousands or millions of years.

How do you write an introduction paragraph for climate change? ›

Start with a Quote
  1. Start with a quote: “Climate change is happening, humans are causing it, and I think this is perhaps the most serious environmental issue facing us.”- ...
  2. Start with a quote: “Humanity faces many threats, but none is greater than climate change. ...
  3. Start with a quote: “Global warming isn't a prediction.
23 Dec 2017

What is climate change in a paragraph of 10 lines? ›

Answer: Climate change means the difference in the Earth's global climate or in regional climates over time. Climate change is now a major concern especially in colder countries. ... Climate change is any significant long-term change in the weather of a region (or the whole Earth) over a significant period of time.

How do you end a climate change essay? ›

In conclusion, we need to take part and try to stop global warming and other effects on climate change. If the earth's temperatures continue to rise in the future, living things on earth would become extinct due to the high temperatures.

What is a climate change impact explain in 200 words? ›

Nowadays due to climate change, the glaciers and oceans have undergone severe changes. The oceans are becoming more toxic and due to the melting of glaciers there is a rise in sea level. Due to the human activities which produce a large amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, climate change occurs.

How can people reduce the risks of climate change and what are the benefits of taking action now? ›

  • Make your voice heard by those in power. ...
  • Eat less meat and dairy. ...
  • Cut back on flying. ...
  • Leave the car at home. ...
  • Reduce your energy use, and bills. ...
  • Respect and protect green spaces. ...
  • Invest your money responsibly. ...
  • Cut consumption – and waste.

What will happen with climate change? ›

Scientists have predicted that long-term effects of climate change will include a decrease in sea ice and an increase in permafrost thawing, an increase in heat waves and heavy precipitation, and decreased water resources in semi-arid regions.

Who is impacted by climate change? ›

Climate change may especially impact people who live in areas that are vulnerable to coastal storms, drought, and sea level rise or people who live in poverty, older adults, and immigrant communities. Similarly, some types of professions and industries may face considerable challenges from climate change.

What is natural and man made environment? ›

A manmade environment includes every material and non-material concept created by man. It will exist as long as human society exists. But the geographical environment includes everything natural, and it does not depend upon human existence. This is an easy way to differentiate between the two.

What is difference between natural and manmade environment? ›

Also read: Ecology and Environment. Components of Ecosystem. Different Types of Ecological Pyramids.
Difference between Natural and Artificial Ecosystem.
Natural EcosystemArtificial Ecosystem
It can survive on its own.It needs human assistance to flourish.
Genetic diversity
14 more rows

What is environment give two example each of natural and human-made environment? ›

The word environment is derived from french word " environer " meaning to surround. Sahara desert and the Rainforests of Papua New Guinea are examples of Natural environment. Parka and greenhouse are examples of man-made environment.

Is climate change a natural thing? ›

Here is how scientists know that the climate change we are experiencing is mainly due to human activity and not a result of natural phenomenon. Gavin Schmidt, director of National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, said that scientists look at a lot of different things at once.

What is man made climate change? ›

Term. Man-made climate changes may be due to the greenhouse effect and other human activities. A change in albedo of the land brought about by desertification and deforestation affects the amount of solar energy absorbed at the earth's surface.

What is the most appropriate definition of climate change? ›

Climate change refers to significant changes in global temperature, precipitation, wind patterns and other measures of climate that occur over several decades or longer.

What's another word for climate change? ›

So, what'll it be: "climate change," "global warming," "climate crisis," "climate breakdown," "global heating," "environmental destruction" or something else entirely?

How do climatic changes influence human life Brainly? ›

The impacts of climate change include warming temperatures, changes in precipitation, increases in the frequency or intensity of some extreme weather events, and rising sea levels. These impacts threaten our health by affecting the food we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the weather we experience.

Is climate science a social science? ›

According to me climate science is natural science and nothing more or less than that. It is true that climate science, besides many other sciences determine policies in economy, social issues and not to forget environmental issues as well, just to name a few.

Which branch of science is tied to the study of climate change? ›

Climatology is the study of climate and how it changes over time. This science helps people better understand the atmospheric conditions that cause weather patterns and temperature changes over time.

What is social science in climate change? ›

''The social science achievement of understanding and responding to climate change is rooted in human behaviour – the drivers of greenhouse gas emissions, the climate impacts on people and ecosystems and how we react to these, and the evaluation of political and economic solutions.”

Why global warming is a natural process? ›

Scientists have found only one variable to explain the relatively recent rapidity of global warming: an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to human activity. By burning fossil fuels, humans have increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by 45 percent since 1750. A little greenhouse effect is natural.

What is climate change in simple words? ›

Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. These shifts may be natural, such as through variations in the solar cycle. But since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver of climate change, primarily due to burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas.

Why is climate change important research? ›

EPA research improves knowledge of the impacts of climate change on human health and the environment. The scientific information and tools can be used by communities to effectively, equitably and sustainably tackle the climate crisis.

Is climate change a social issue? ›

Climate change is more than an environmental crisis – it is a social crisis and compels us to address issues of inequality on many levels: between wealthy and poor countries; between rich and poor within countries; between men and women, and between generations.

How does climate change relate to environmental science? ›

Climate change could alter forests, crop yields and water supplies as we know them. Changing climate also affects human and animal health and their ability to exist in certain ecosystems. As a rangeland quickly changes into expanding desert, for instance, it forces native species to adapt or move elsewhere.

Do environmental scientists work with climate change? ›

Environmental Scientist

These professionals conduct research on climate change and how it affects the Earth. Usually, they work within a specialty, such as monitoring the effects of increasing temperatures on the ocean or humans' food supply.

What is climate in environmental science? ›

Climate, on the other hand, refers to the long-term (usually at least 30 years) regional or even global average of temperature, humidity, and rainfall patterns over seasons, years, or decades.

How does climate change relate to humanities? ›

By tapping into what moves people, the emerging field of environmental humanities can help spur climate action. Scholars of history, philosophy, religious studies, literature and media are exploring many aspects of humans' relationship with the Earth.

How does global warming affect climate change? ›

As the earth's atmosphere heats up, it collects, retains, and drops more water, changing weather patterns and making wet areas wetter and dry areas drier. Higher temperatures worsen and increase the frequency of many types of disasters, including storms, floods, heat waves, and droughts.

How can social sciences contribute in addressing these problems? ›

Thus, social sciences help people understand how to interact with the social world—how to influence policy, develop networks, increase government accountability, and promote democracy. These challenges, for many people around the world, are immediate, and their resolution can make a vast difference in people's lives.

What are the effects of climate change on natural process? ›

As the Earth warms up, interactions between the oceans and atmosphere can amplify the frequency and intensity of weather events. These include hurricanes, floods and droughts. Extra water vapour in the atmosphere falls again as extra rain, which can cause flooding.

Why is climate change a problem? ›

Humans and wild animals face new challenges for survival because of climate change. More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people's livelihoods and communities.

What is the most effective solution to climate change? ›

Changing our main energy sources to clean and renewable energy is the best way to stop using fossil fuels. These include technologies like solar, wind, wave, tidal and geothermal power. Switch to sustainable transport. Petrol and diesel vehicles, planes and ships use fossil fuels.


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