6 Examples of Eco-Friendly Housing (With Pros & Cons) (2023)

Eco-friendly housing is becoming increasingly popular as people begin to move away from traditional building methods and materials. We’ll explore six different types.

Eco-friendly housing is designed with the environment in mind, meaning that it is either built or modified to use less energy, water, and natural resources. This type of housing is appearing more and more as countries strive to lower their emissions and reduce air pollution.

What makes a house eco-friendly? Generally speaking, eco-friendly housing is made of non-toxic materials, is energy-efficient, is constructed using as little waste as possible, and is built with respect to the environment around it. During the construction process, these types of houses aim to produce the least amount of pollutants — by using upcycling materials, for example. Many houses also look to incorporate renewable energy sources and water supply systems.

We’ll take a closer look at some examples of eco-friendly housing, although none of these options are without their flaws. You may be inspired by some of the unique options available.

1. Eco-Friendly Housing: Earthship Homes

Earthship homes are a unique type of eco-friendly housing as they seem otherworldly. They are constructed to best utilize the available natural resources, particularly when it comes to solar energy and rainwater. These homes are built for completely off-grid living and are said to be self-sustaining.

The downsides with Earthship homes include how difficult they are to build, and their heavy reliance on concrete for construction. Concrete productioncontributes significantly to global greenhouse gases and actually ends up sucking oxygen in. As they are a special type of accommodation, there is limited resale value.

2. Green Roof Homes

Green roofs are not a new concept — sod roofs were commonplace in Viking towns and throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. The practice has became less and less common, but has seen a resurgence in popularity in recent years.

If you’re looking to implement a green roof on your home, you should be aware that they require extra maintenance and can be expensive. This style of roof should be treated more like a garden than a traditional roof. It also requires much more structural support than a conventional roof. This is due to the increased weight load of the plant life and soil. Flat-roofed buildings are ideal for this green feature.

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That being said, there are so many benefits to this type of eco-friendly housing feature. Not only will you be supporting wildlife habitats and improving air quality, you may also increase the lifespan of your roof since the plants will protect it from all sorts of external elements. Green roofs are also said to boost thermal performance. The plants absorb the sun’s rays, meaning there is less need for air conditioning, and they can help lock the heat inside during the winter.

3. Prefabricated Homes

Prefabricated homes are the most mainstream of eco-friendly housing options. This is because they can be much more affordable than traditional housing, are quick to build, and enable a drastic reduction in material waste during construction. Many prefab homes are built with energy efficiency in mind.

However, there are some definite downsides to this type of home. There are typically limited floor plans to choose from with few options for personalization. You also need to be in possession of a sizable piece of land in order to facilitate the larger versions of these homes, and transport/assembly costs can be very high depending on where you’re located. There can also be the issue of hidden costs like utility hookups.

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4. Eco-Friendly Housing: Container Homes

Container homes have been making a splash as a form of eco-friendly housing, as more and more people are looking to lower the cost of construction while still customizing their homes. Made out of decommissioned shipping containers, this type of home is relatively quick and easy to build, and is strong and durable. They also help save on new building materials as old containers can be upcycled for work on walls, floors, and ceilings.

There are a few drawbacks, including the need for a specific building permit which can be difficult to get depending on where you live. Shipping containers were designed for shipping goods, not human habitation, so the containers may contain toxic paints or were used to ship toxic goods. It pays to do your research before purchasing your own. Another thing to watch out for is the insulation — this type of eco-friendly housing needs to be properly insulated to avoid a high internal temperature.

5. Zero Carbon Homes

Zero carbon homes are a type of eco-friendly housing that adds no additional carbon to the environment. In order for this to be possible, renewable techologies are used to offset the CO2 produced from regular energy use. This style of home comes with a host of benefits.

They are designed with many windows to allow as much natural light as possible in, which eases reliance on electricity for lighting. Most zero carbon homes also have high quality air filtration systems which help alleviate dust and moisture, meaning they are lower maintenance than conventional housing. The use of renewable energy technologies such as solar energy and different types of heat pumpsmay also result in lower energy bills.

A higher initial cost is one of the main disadvantages of this type of housing, though the investment should pay off in the long run. Zero carbon homes often have a higher resale value than conventional housing. Depending on the types of renewable energy you choose to use, weather can play a large factor in the output when you are relying on solar, rain and wind energies.

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6. Eco-Friendly Housing: Earth-Sheltered Homes

There are two main types of earth-sheltered homes that exist in the United States: underground and bermed. Underground homes are built below grade or completely underground, and may use features like atriums to create an open vibe. Bermed houses, on the other hand, are built above grade or partially below.

The initial cost of building an earth-sheltered home can be higher than conventional housing, though it should pay off long-term in heating and energy costs. When building an earth-sheltered home, it’s crucial to ensure it’s tightly sealed and well-designed to avoid catastrophic damage from improper moisture levels.The resale value of these homes is also mixed as many people find them to be a bit too unusual.

The benefits of earth-sheltered homes include the way they blend into the surrounding area, and their cost-effectiveness when it comes to heating and cooling. Bermed houses are often positioned so the front of the house is faced south to make the most of the light and heat from the sun. This type of eco-friendly housing often costs less to insure because they are less susceptible to damage from natural disasters. The surrounding earth also helps to provide soundproofing.

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What are the pros and cons to green buildings? ›

Pro: Green buildings use more efficient and renewable materials for construction, such as straw, recycled metal, concrete, sheep's wool, compressed earth blocks, lumber, and bamboo. 5 All these are recyclable, reusable, and nontoxic. Con: Building materials that are efficient and renewable can be more expensive.

What is an example of eco-friendly material? ›

Bamboo is increasing in popularity as a building material. Bamboo is very sustainable since it grows quickly. While trees such as pine and cedar can be reforested, growing them can take years. Bamboo can be reforested much more promptly and grows throughout the world.

What are the pros and cons of environment? ›

Top 10 Going Green Pros & Cons – Summary List
Going Green ProsGoing Green Cons
Mitigation of resource depletionGreen infrastructure may be missing
Less air pollutionSocial isolation
Less particle pollutionEco-friendly living can be time-consuming
Less water pollutionCostly for businesses in the short run
6 more rows

What are the pros of green building? ›

The tangible benefits may not be easily recognizable to tenants or visitors, but through sustainable design, construction and operations green buildings are reducing carbon emissions, energy and waste; conserving water; prioritizing safer materials; and lowering our exposure to toxins.

What are the advantages of eco-friendly building? ›

One of the most notable advantages of engaging in eco-friendly construction practices is shrinking the carbon footprint. Buildings' construction and operation processes produce 39% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Less sustainable structures have lower real estate values and higher maintenance costs.

What is an example of eco-friendly lifestyle? ›

A good way would be to start with conserving water, driving less and walking more, consuming less energy, buying recycled products, eating locally grown vegetables, joining environmental groups to combat air pollution, creating less waste, planting more trees, and many more.

What are the most eco-friendly things? ›

There are many ways to reduce the environmental pollution that stems from your home simply by choosing eco friendly products.
  • Certified Compostable Bin Liners. ...
  • Recycled Toilet Tissue. ...
  • Recycled Plastic Toothbrush. ...
  • Recycled Sari Table Linen Collection. ...
  • Recycled Plastic Rugs. ...
  • Ballpoint Pens Made From Recycled Water Bottles.

What are 3 sustainable materials? ›

Green building materials
  • Stone. Living in a stone structure is low maintenance and eco-friendly, and any extra stone leftover from the build can be used for home finishings such as countertops or tile. ...
  • Cob. ...
  • Bamboo. ...
  • Cork. ...
  • Adobe brick. ...
  • Straw bale. ...
  • Cordwood. ...
  • Earth bags.
Jan 2, 2023

What are the disadvantages of energy-efficient homes? ›

The Downside Of An Energy-Efficient House

With newly built homes, contractors will have to pass on the extra cost of any Energy Star appliances, higher-quality insulation or sustainable materials used in the home, which can increase the average cost to build a new house significantly.

What are the disadvantages of a house? ›

Like everything else, however, houses also have their drawbacks. This type of property is typically more expensive to buy, has higher maintenance costs and requires you to spend more time cleaning it.

What are the two main disadvantages of ecotourism? ›

Natural resources are destroyed to make souvenirs . Destruction of natural features, eg overused tracks lead to soil erosion and damage to vegetation. There is a real danger of some areas becoming overused.

What are the disadvantages of environment? ›

Negative Impacts

The impacts that these have on the environment have become clear and include: Climate change including Global warming. Acid rain, photochemical smog and other forms of pollution. Ocean acidification.


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